The Chestnut Oak tree,
Quercus prinus, is a medium-sized, native, deciduous
tree. Chestnut Oak trees are also called Rock Oak, Rock
Chestnut Oak, or Mountain Oak. It is long-lived and
slow-growing rugged tree. The characteristic bark is
dark and very rough.
On older trees it typically is
broken into long, V-shaped ridges that are separated by
deep furrows. The tree grows on dry, rocky ridges and
slopes. The wood is strong and durable, and mainly used
for general construction and fuel.
The bark has greater tannin
content than most other oaks, and was extensively used
in the leather tanning trade. The acorns are an
important source of food for various forms of wildlife.
The acorns are large, but do not appear until the tree
is around 20 years old. The leaf undersides are medium
green, rather than white.
Autumn color is chartreuse to
yellow-brown, but the canopy is cleaned of leaves by
late autumn. Chestnut Oak is amazingly free of major
pest and disease problems, a testament to superior
genetics in all aspects of its growth cycle.